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Asynchronous Motors


Induction motors are AC electric motors, in which the rotation speed of the rotor is lower than the rotation speed of the magnetic field of the stator: this difference in synchronicity (or asynchronism) gives the name to this type of electric motors.

In induction motors, the stator is formed by a pack of laminations usually having the shape of a circular crown. The grooves inside the pack of stator laminations accommodate the conductors (usually enamelled copper or aluminium) of the stator winding.

The rotor is placed inside the stator and is made up of a circular shaped pack of laminations, with a hole for the rotation shaft and rotor slots generally completely filled with die-cast aluminium or copper bars. Rotors of this type are normally identified as "squirrel cage rotors".
The stator windings are usually made with protected copper or aluminium wire (G2 class H) and subsequently covered with special varnishes that ensure superior protection from stress and atmospheric agents.

A separating reinforcement film between the phases protects the motor from high peak voltages which are common with power supplied through an inverter. Indeed, induction motors are frequently powered by means of electronic inverters that allow the speed to be changed by acting in coordination with the frequency and supply voltage.

Typical of induction motors is the MEC unification of sizes and powers, developed within the countries of the European Common Market in order to make electric motors interchangeable, independently of the manufacturing company. Such unification provides several sizes, ranging from MEC56 to MEC355, where the digits represent the shaft height in millimeters of the motors themselves.

On request, it is possible to add a thermal protector inserted in the winding in order to preserve the motors from possible overloads, excessive high or low voltage, missing a step, faulty ventilation and/or excessive temperature of the working environment.
Below is a brief description of the range of induction motors manufactured by IME:

  • Groups of sizes: from MEC56 to MEC180 - stator diameter from 64mm to 300mm;
  • Number of poles: 2 - 4 - 6 - 8 (double pole versions also available);
  • Power supply with single-phase AC: 100-240Vac;
  • Power supply with three-phase AC: 230/400Vac or 400/690Vac;
  • Power absorption: from 0,080kW to 50kW;
  • Insulation Class I;
  • Standard thermal insulation Class F (155°C), on request H (180°C);
  • On request, phase separators for use with inverters;
  • On request, tropicalization of the winding heads;
  • For special applications (railway), rigidity test toward a mass at 2900Vac for 60 seconds;
  • Special mechanical design or according to MEC Series;
  • IP Protection from 00 to 68;
  • Efficiency class: IE1 - IE2 - IE3;
  • On request, external painting;
  • Construction according to EN 60335-1 / EN 60034 / EN 60038 / IEC 60072;
  • On request, construction according to UL 1004.

Applications

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